The bees had been keeping their existence independently
on earth for 40-50 mllion years ; so that even the people
discovered their miraculous nourishment source-honey
40.000 years before.
However we understand that, for mankind to benefit seriously
from honey, a long time must pass, and first commercial
honey collecting had started about B.C. 7000, through
the wall drawings in The Cave LaAranas in Valensia.
By starting of settled life system and working on farming,
with this wish of producing honey which they had taken
alot of risks to collect, the manking started to produce
bee-hives. In about B.C. 6000s they constituted the
innovation of apiculture by hanging the hives up on
the hollowed inside trunks, in some special pots made
from clayey soil or in baskets knitted from rush and
straw according to the local life.
The Tears of Ra on Earth By the time in many society, honey, which has been
assumed as a source of not only sugar need, but also
health, beauty and ricness source, we encounter the
best examples of exalting honey about B.C. 3200 from
the Egyptian hieroglyphes : The bee symbol represented
the pharaohs and the honey assummed as the tears of
Ra on earth. Because honey was loved this much, the
employees usually had to bring honey from Syria and
Greece. In the era of II. Ramses some amount of the
employees' slaries were paid by honey, and honey was
a very important currency. A donkey or a cow was bought
easily in return of 1 jar of honey.
Recently, it shows that the first examples of traveler
apiculture were in about that era. The apiarists transported
the hives on skiffs from one shore to another and then
set them free and so they supported to increase the
yield in gardens and fields at the same time.
The Prescription of Hipokrat In Greek mythology, the bees assumed as they were
the birds of Moses (source of inspiration) and the messengers
of Gods. Besides, one of the names of the Main God Zeus,
was "The King of The Bees".
Honey was assumed as the source of learnedness and creativity.
In many beauty and health prescriptions, honey was at
the top and it also located at the top of the prescriptions
against high fever, wounds, oedemas and inflammations
by Hipokrat (B.C. 466-377). The first researches and
arrangements about apiculture materialized in archaic
Greece on about B.C.600 , and famous thinker Aristoteles
(B.C. 384-322) wrote his first book which would create
a liretature about apicultur.
Honey : Sign of Richness In Romans, apiculture knowledge began to assumed
as general culture and many scientists and historians
also worked on it. Just to observe and solve the behaviours
of the bees, they made hives with windows. Those days,
at least one slave of every Romans who were well-off
was engaged with apiculture and each one had colonies
in big sizes. It was a very important sign of richness
for people to have hives. The physicians suggested firstly
honey agains over 50 different sickness like as high
fever, impotence, wounds and stress.
In The Middle Age, Roman-Germen Emperor I. Karl, forced
all of his feodal lords to have a bee-keeper and Met
(honey wine) producer. Same time, he borught many law
and applications to save the hives. The most important
of all, anyone who committed theft would be burnt lively
in an open field. Because in that era, there were no
other sweety except honey and the most important material
to make candles was wax.
In Anatolia, we encounter the apiculture knowledge in
about B.C.1300, in the Hittite inscriptions which in
Bogazkoy. The Hittites, especially in builging structures,
sanctified the structures by pouring honey on its stones.
Besides, through this process, it was believed to be
saved from the wickedness.